Beat the BoredomLearn the different tessellations and motifs of Islamic architecture from around the world.
What is a mosque?
A mosque is the house of worship for Muslims. The main component of a mosque is it’s prayer hall that is carpeted and lined, for Muslims to line up in straight rows without bumping into each other while praying. There are other key features including the dome, minaret, mihrab and mimbar. These features aren’t found in all mosques and depends in the country they are found in and the cultures that influence the architecture. For example a mosque in China and a mosque in Mali look completely different.
The Great Mosque of Xi’an built 742 CE in Xi’an, China.
Great Mosque of Djenne built in the 13th century in Djenne, Mali.
Qubba [Qub-bah] in Arabic, is not a requirement for a mosque. The feauture symbolises the vault of heaven. When inside a mosque, the dome is decorated with culturally appropriate Islamic art. In Iran, Turkey, Pakistan and other Persian inspired cultures, they feature floral designs. In Morocco, Saudi Arabia and other Arabesque inspired cultures feature geometric designs.
Manara [Ma-naa -ra] in Arabic, means beacon. A tower of which Muslims are called to prayer five times a day by a muezzin [mu-az-zin], a person who reads the call to prayer.
A mihrab [meeh-raab] is a semicircle niche in the wall of a mosque, indicating the direction of the Kaaba in Makkah. These niches can be detailed to distinguish the wall from others.
The mimbar [meem-bar] is a stand in the mosque when the imam, the prayer leader, stands to deliver khutbah [khuut-bah], a sermon, specially for the Jummah prayers on Fridays.
Building Your Mosque
To build your own mosque you will need the worksheets below and:
– A cardboard box approximately 30cm (W) x 15 (H) x 30cm (D) or any box you have at home
– Sticky tape
– Paint, texta, pencils or other materials to colour your mosque
Make sure to have your parent/ guardian assist you when using scissors! After completing your mosque, make sure to send us photos of your completed copy and we will share your beautiful work on our social media pages.